“Physis” is commonly referred to as nature.
Aristotle believed that nature itself contained its own source of matter (material), power/motion (efficiency), form, and end (final). A unique feature about Aristotle’s definition of “physis” was his relationship between art and nature. Aristotle said that “physis” (nature) is dependent on techne (art).
“The critical distinction between art and nature concerns their different efficient causes: nature is its own source of motion, whereas techne always requires a source of motion outside itself.”

Physis, translated since the Third Century B.C. usually as “nature” and less frequently as “essence”, means one thing for the pre-Socratic philosophers and quite another thing for Plato.” Physis is a great example of a keyword that was very important in classical rhetoric and helped define Greek language, but over time was modified through culture changes into a related, but new word.

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